We all possess a distinctive memory from childhood—visiting an orthopaedist. Bearing injuries was an everyday routine. And that is the job of an orthopaedist. They use surgical and non-surgical means to treat trauma, spine injuries, infections, tumors and congenital disorders. They help in correcting bone abnormalities with surgery, casting and bracing.
The Top orthopaedics hospital in Bangalore provides a team of trained professionals who can help determine the cause of difficulty and overcome it. Bones are the second most vigorous structure in the human body, followed by teeth. Their rigidity is threatened under excess stress. They may endure a crack instead of complete wreckage.
Some diseases like cancer and osteoporosis make the bones exceedingly brittle. Hence, making them more susceptible to fractures. However, the top orthopaedics hospital in Bangalore can help their patients in the best capable manner. Orthopaedists perform numerous surgeries. They are adept and use different modes to determine the cause of injuries.
TYPES OF INJURIES
1) Sports injuries: These are incurred while playing a sport. Overtraining, lack of conditioning and improper technique, lack of warm-ups and cool-downs, and other situations contribute. The result is bruises, sprains, tears and broken bones. Supple tissues like muscles, ligaments, tendons and bursae also take a significant blow.
2) Pulled muscle: A strained muscle can also be referred to as a pulled muscle. It occurs when the muscles overstretch and tears. Manifestations include swelling, weakness and inability to use muscles accurately. The most commonly pulled muscles are the quadriceps, groin, lower back, hamstrings and shoulder. A minor strain can be remedied using RICE: rest, ice, compression and elevation. Inflammatory drugs also assist with suppressing the pain and swelling.
3) Shin splints: These can induce throbbing and antagonizing pains. It is most commonly found among runners or those who are new to work out. The pain transpires when muscles and tendons around the tibia become swollen. Resting, stretching and applying an ice pack can be used for minor aches.
4) Tennis elbow: Occurs when the tennis elbow is overused. It happens to people indulging in racket sports. Plumbers, painters and others related to similar fields are also susceptible. It causes shooting pain which is followed by a weakened grip. Anti-inflammatory medication and rest can alleviate symptoms. Physical therapy is also helpful.
5) Low back pain: Several causes trigger low back pains. Lifting heavy weights, awkward sitting postures and excessive strain can induce these injuries. These pains usually pass without adequate treatment. However, when they are chronic, surgical intervention might be due.
These are the most commonly performed orthopaedic surgeries:
1) Hip replacement surgery: The hip comprises a ball and socket, gathering extensive wear and tear over time. The cartilage in the hip cracks with ageing. The ultimate result is a hip replacement surgery to comfort people and eliminate their pain. It is exceedingly common among elders. The surgery replaces the natural ball and socket with metallic or plastic ones.
2) Knee replacement or arthroscopic surgery: An extensive knee replacement surgery is entailed by replacing the complete knee with metallic elements. As the name suggests, a partial knee replacement replaces only the damaged part of the knee. Knee arthroscopic surgery is a popular approach that uses a camera to obtain a correct view and right the minor discomfort.
3) Shoulder and rotator cuff surgery: Shoulder and rotator cuff surgeries are akin to knee replacement surgeries. They employ metal parts to replace the entire ball and socket that comprise the shoulder or the damaged area. Arthroscopic procedures are used to clean up the damaged cartilage without installing any artificial parts. It is a more minimally invasive approach.
4) Hand and wrist surgeries: These are highly commonplace and occur among several people. Injuries, wear and tear, and arthritis can enhance their vulnerability. Several complications can be remedied with orthopedic surgeries, such as dislocations to the wrist, hand, fingers, tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome.
5) ACL surgery: Anterior Cruciate Ligament surgery is a significant ligament surgery in the knee that often incurs damage while playing sports. Such orthopedic procedures require taking a tendon from another part of the body and employing it to construct a new Anterior Cruciate Ligament for the knee.
To conclude, there are several orthopedic surgeries in the world. But these are the most commonly performed surgeries. A person must take adequate rest once the surgery is complete. The recovery time differs with age. Practising good self-care and refraining from smoking are cardinal measures to keep in mind.